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Vol 2 No. 9                TROPIC LIGHTNING NEWS                March 6, 1967


Unit                   Page Unit                  Page Unit                  Page Unit                  Page
1st Air Cav                    1 196th Bde Photo          3 25th Inf                         7 65th Engr                     3
1/5                                  7 196th Bde Photos        4 25th Avn Bn                1 65th Engr                     6
1/8th Arty                     6 196th Bde                      7 25th DivArty               7 7/11 Arty                      1
1/14                                3 2nd Bde Photo             1 3rd Bde MI                  6 Air Force                      6
1/14                                3 2/1 Photo                      3 3/4 Cav                         1 Junction City               1
1/14                                6 2/1 Photo                      6 3/21                               7 MARS                          7
1/14                                6 2/1 Photo                      7 3/22                               7 McNamera                   2
1/27                                3 2/9 Arty                         6 3/82 Arty                      7 MG John Tillson III    1
1/35                                7 2/27                                1 4/9                                 1 MG Fred Weyand       1
116th Avn Bn              1 2/27                                3 4/31                               7 MG Fred Weyand       8
173rd Airborne            1 2/27 Photo                    3 65th Engr                     1 Operation Gadsden     4
175th Engr                    7 25th Inf                         1 65th Engr                     3 W.C. Westmoreland   2


Gen. Weyand Leaves 25th Division


Gen. Tillson Commands

   Maj. Gen. Fred C. Weyand, who watched the 25th Infantry Division grow from the sands of Hawaii to the jungles of Vietnam, handed over the division command to Maj. Gen. John Tillson III during ceremonies at division headquarters last week.
   Maj. Gen. Tillson comes to the 25th after serving as former Assistant Chief of Staff, Operations, at MACV.
   Gen. Weyand, who commanded the 25th for more than two and a half years, said it had been a privilege to wear the "Tropic Lightning" patch.
   The general joined the 25th in 1964.  The division got the call for Vietnam the first months of 1966.
   Gen. Weyand led the division in operations Circle Pines, Santa Fe, Fresno, Fairfax, Ft. Smith, Wahiawa, Ewa, Lanikai, Ala Moana, Fargo, Attleboro, Cedar Falls, Gadsden and many others.
   "Operation after operation has reflected your growing skill in jungle warfare," the general said last week.  "As I bid you farewell, I commend each of you for the outstanding contribution you have made to the Tropic Lightning division and more importantly to your country and the cause of freedom."
   Gen. Weyand began his Army career as a 2nd Lt. with the ROTC prior to his graduation from the University of California.  He was called to active duty late in 1940 with the 6th Coast Arty. Refit.
   In 1943 he was assigned to the War Dept. for special schooling and then overseas for intelligence work in Burma and India.  In 1945 Gen. Weyand was assigned to Hq., China Theatre, in Chunking, where he served in an intelligence capacity until the end of the war.
   After World War II, he returned to the War Department as head of the Military Branch of the Army Intelligence Service.
   In 1952, the general headed an instructor group teaching regimental tactics at the Army Infantry School and in 1954 he was assigned to the staff of the Secretary of the Army.  From 1958 to 1960, Gen. Weyand was assigned to Berlin where he commanded the 3rd Battle Group, 6th Inf., for a year and a half and then saw duty as assistant to the U.S. Commander, Berlin.
   His next assignment as Chief of Staff, U.S. Army Europe, Communications Zone, in Orleans, France, was followed by orders to Washington, D.C., in 1961 for duty as Legislative Liaison.  He served there for three years until August 22, 1964 when he assumed command of the 25th Inf. Div. at Schofield Barracks, Hawaii.
   Maj. Gen. Tillson also began his Army career in 1938 when he graduated from the United States Military Academy, was commissioned a 2nd Lt. and was assigned to the 1st Cav. Div., at Fort Bliss, Tex.
   At the outbreak of World War II he took command of the 8th Cav. at Fort Bliss, and later the 12th Cav. at Fort Ringgold, Tex.
   In 1942, Gen. Tillson was ordered to the 95th Inf. upon its activation at Camp Swift, Tex., where he took command of the division reconnaissance troop.  In April of 1943 he was assigned as Operations Officer of the 42nd Inf. Div.  He served with the 42nd in Europe in the campaigns of Ardennes-Alsace, Rhineland and Central Europe, ending the war with the division at Salzburg, Austria.
   In July of 1945 he was ordered to Vienna, Austria in command of the first United States battalion to enter the city.  While in Vienna, Gen. Tillson commanded the 242nd Inf. Regt.,. the 1st Bn., 5th Inf., and the 1st Bn., 16th Inf.
   From early 1953 to mid-1954, Gen. Tillson commanded the 2nd Armored Cav. at Nurnberg, Germany.  Then he returned to the states to attend the Army War College, from which he was graduated in 1955.
   Gen. Tillson was then ordered to the office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Military Operations, Department of the Army.  In 1958 he was assigned to the Joint Staff, Department of Defense, where he served one year in the Civil Affairs Directorate and one year as Special Assistant to the Director, Joint Staff.
   In 1960, Gen. Tillson was ordered to the 8th Army in Korea where he served as operations officer for the I Corps (Group).  He returned again to the states in 1961 to become Senior Army Advisor at the Naval War College.
   In January 1966, Gen. Tillson served as Operations Officer for MACV.


23,000 Swarm War Zone C
In Operation 'Junction City'

   More than 23,000 Americans swarmed over the vast jungles of War Zone C in Operation "Junction City," the latest allied effort to destroy Viet Cong elements in Tay Ninh Province.
   The operation began February 22 after the completion of Operation "Gadsden."  At week's end, allied forces, including two brigades from the 25th Inf. Div., had formed a giant "horseshoe" formation north of Tay Ninh which almost touched the Cambodian border.  Mechanized units were sweeping through the area.
   The operation has been highlighted by the first United States major combat parachute assault of the Vietnam war.
   Paratroopers of the 173rd Abn. Inf. Bde. jumped into Katum, less than 7 km from the Cambodian border.
   The first combat parachute jump since the Korean War was made by the 2nd., 503rd Abn. Inf.
   As reports of the action started to arrive into II Field Force, Lt. Gen. Jonathan 0. Seaman, overall commander of the operation, announced that initial enemy opposition was scattered and U.S. casualties were very light.
   Two battalions of Vietnamese Marines have been flown in to support the operation.  Details of their commitment have not been announced.
   The 12th Combat Avn. Gp. supported the operation with a total of 249 Army helicopters.  Five helicopters were downed by enemy ground fire during the opening days of action.

"Junction City" THRUST - Units of the 2nd Bde., 25th Inf. Div., march northward into the open "Horseshoe" formation of Operation "Junction City."  (Photo by PFC Larry Craig)



13 VC Slain Near Bong Son

   Units of the 3rd Brigade Task Force and the 1st Cav. Div. (Airmobile), continued Operation "Pershing" north of Bong Son.
   Military spokesmen reported 13 enemy killed during light, scattered actions in the operation area on the plains, 20 km north-northwest of Bong Son.
   Units continued to locate and destroy caves and tunnels and other enemy hiding places.  An element of the 1st Cav. Div. received several rounds of enemy small arms fire while on perimeter guard at English Airfield.  There were no friendly casualties and enemy casualties were unknown.
   Since Operation Pershing began on February 12, 235 enemy have been killed, 260 persons detained and 83 individual and five crew-served weapons seized.  Strike pilots have flown 185 sorties in support of the combined ground-air operation.  Friendly casualties were reported as light.
   Other actions in the Central Highland Region of Vietnam, uncovered an enemy arms and equipment cache in a native hut.  The find occurred when a company of the 3rd Brigade Task Force, a part of Operation "Sam Houston," swept through an area of Kontum Province, 57 km west of Pleiku City.
   The cache included three 60mm mortars, four light machine guns and large quantities of assorted ammunition and equipment.  No friendly casualties were reported.


Manchu Units Repel Wave Attack

   Two platoons of Co. A, 4th Bn., 9th Inf., "Manchu" killed 92 Viet Cong last week, spoiling an estimated battalion-sized enemy unit from overrunning their position, 500 meters south of Phu Hoa Dong village.
   One Viet Cong was taken prisoner and two more detained for questioning.
   The assault, which was later termed as "human wave," began at approximately 12:30 a.m. when the enemy poured in mortar, rifle grenade and machinegun fire from several positions surrounding the platoons' perimeter.  The VC fired more than 100 mortars.
   The two platoons were conducting a routine mission providing security for units of the 65th Engrs. repairing a road which leads through the Filhol Plantation and past the village of Phu Hoa Dong.
   Using Chicom Assault rifles, carbines and machine guns, the enemy force, 300 strong, charged the camp while the Manchumen fought from their bunker positions.  The first wave fell to the claymore mines and machinegun fire, but were quickly reinforced.
   Enemy bodies later found inside the camp perimeter and just a few feet from the bunkers, gave evidence to the closeness of the enemy attack.  Several machetes, and packets of narcotics were found on the ground near the enemy bodies.
   Artillery rounds from the 7th Bn., 11th Arty., landed within 25 meters of the camp perimeter warding off the brunt of the attack.  Gunships from the 25th Avn. Bn., and the 116th Avn. Co., also lent support to the battle.
   Contact was finally broken at 1:15 a.m. when two platoons of reinforcements from the 3rd Sqdn., 4th Cav., and a platoon of Manchumen from Co. B, arrived on the scene.  Air strikes were called in on the fleeing enemy.
   The action also netted captured documents, medical supplies, small arms ammunition and grenades.


Cong Free 2/27 Sergeant

   Two American soldiers, one of them a member of the 2nd Bn., 27th Inf., "Wolfhounds," reportedly released from Viet Cong captivity more than two weeks ago, walked into an American outpost about 56 km north of Saigon last week, a military spokesman announced.
   The spokesman said that Wolfhound Sgt. Sammie W. Womack of Farmville, Ga., and PFC Charles E. Crafts of North Jay, Me., were in reasonably good condition, although both suffered from malnutrition.
   Radio Hanoi announced more than two weeks ago that the two soldiers had been released on February 7, in observance of the Chinese lunar New Year (TET).
   No immediate explanation was offered as to why it took them so long to return to American hands.
   Sgt. Womack was with the 2nd Bn., 27th Inf., at the time of his capture on October 7, 1966, near Cu Chi.  PFC Crafts, an advisor with the 33rd Vietnamese Ranger Battalion, was taken prisoner by the Viet Cong on December 19, 1964 at Binh Gia.
   Failure of the two Americans to show up within a few days of their reported release urged American military authorities to publicly question the Hanoi reports.
   Radio Hanoi replied that they had released the two Americans in an area north of Saigon along with 10 South Vietnamese soldiers.
   There was no immediate report concerning the fate of the South Vietnamese soldiers supposedly released along with the two Americans.


Page 2                           TROPIC LIGHTNING NEWS                           March 6, 1967



Sgt. Douglas A. Dolbin, Co. A, 4th Bn., (Mech), 23rd Inf. Sp4 William H. Wallace, HHC, 2nd Bn., 27th Inf.

Capt. Peter J. Barrett, Co. A, 25th Avn. Bn.

Maj. Masanori M. Miyagishima, 25th MI Det.
SFC Raymond D. Childress, Btry. B, 2nd Bn., 77th Arty.
SSgt. Jimmie R. Deering, Btry. B, 2nd Bn., 77th Arty.
SSgt. Jessie J. Robinson, Btry. B, 2nd Bn., 77th Arty.
Sgt. Charles W. Wilson, Btry. B, 1st Bn., 8th Arty.
Sp4 Douglas J. Sullivan, HHC, 2nd Bn. (Mech), 22nd Inf. (Posthumously)
Sp5 John C. Makar, Btry. B, 3rd Bn., 13th Arty.
Sp5 David A. Nordeen, Co. B, 25th Avn. Bn.
Sp5 William Reinhart, HHC, 2nd Bn., 27th Inf.
Sp5 Edward G. Rooney, 15th PI Det.
Sp5 Thomas R. Trimble Jr, HHC, 2nd Bn., 27th Inf.
Sp5 George Weeks, HHC, 2nd Bn., 14th Inf.
Sp5 John A. Zasadny, HHC, 2nd Bde.
Sp4 J. A. Blackstock, HHC, 25th Inf. Div.
Sp4 James L. Conley, HHC, 2nd Bn., 14th Inf.
Sp4 Everett Davis, HHC, 2nd Bn., 27th Inf.
Sp4 Richard H. Feldan, Hq & Co. A, 725th Maint. Bn.
Sp4 Larry G. Flick, HH&S, 3rd Bn., 13th Inf.
Sp4 Kenneth J. Fox, HHC, 2nd Bn., 14th Inf.
Sp4 Paul D. Hall, HHC, 2nd Bn., 14th Inf..
Sp4 Charles J. Jesuit, HH&S, 3rd Bn., 13th Arty.
Sp4 Ralph D. June, Co. B, 25th Avn. Bn.
Sp4 John E. Keeney, HHC, 25th Inf. Div.
Sp4 Robert L. Lyles, HHC, 2nd Bn., 14th Inf.
2nd Lt. Ronald B. Benton, Co. A, 1st Bn., 27th Inf.
Sgt. Wendell Pike, HHC, 1st Bn. (Mech), 5th Inf.
Sgt. Frank Sovinsky Jr., Co. A, 1st Bn. (Mech), 5th Inf.
Sp4 Robert Anderson, Co. C, 4th Bn. (Mech), 23rd Inf.
Sp4 Edward Davis, HHC, 1st Bn., (Mech), 5th Inf.
Sp4 Edward L. Katz, Co. C, 1st Bn. (Mech), 5th Inf.
PFC Louis Ferguson, Co. C, 1st Bn. (Mech), 5th Inf.
PFC Mikel D. Foster, Co. A, 1st Bn. (Mech), 5th Inf.
PFC Hugh R. Hamilton, Co. A, 2nd Bn. 14th Inf.
PFC Melvin L. Lindsey, Co. A, 1st Bn., 27th Inf.
PFC David J. Michael, Co. C, 1st Bn., 27thn Inf.
PFC Raymond Mockabee, Co. C, 4th Bn. (Mech), 23rd Inf.
PFC Jarosian Schelach, Co. C, 4th Bn. (Mech), 23rd Inf.
PFC John H. Williams, Trp. D, 3rd Sqdn., 4th Cav.
PFC Glenn L. Wimbish. Co. C. 1st Bn. (Mech). 5th Inf.



McNamara Outlines U.S. Objectives
To Congress, Requests $12.9 Billion

   In presenting a $12.9 billion request to Congress for new obligational authority to supplement the FY '67 military budget, Defense Secretary McNarnara has outlined the full range of American policy objectives and activities in Vietnam.
   His statement underscored that our overall policy objective in South Vietnam is a stable and independent government free of external control and externally inspired violence.
   "Our immediate objective is to influence the North Vietnamese to move the conflict from the battlefield to the conference table, or to compel them to desist in their aggression," he continued.
   Mr. McNamara's statement contained a full exposition of current operations in Vietnam.  He included these highlights:
   Confirmed VC strength in South Vietnam at the close of 1966 was about 280,000, of which 45,000 are regular North Vietnamese personnel.
   South Vietnam's regular force at year's end was about 320,000 with the force level going up to 730,000 counting various militias and national police force.
   American military strength at the end of 1966 broke down into 383,000 in South Vietnam, 35,000 in Thailand and 36,000 aboard offshore ships.
   Allied military strength from five nations - but principally Republic of Korea - was 53,000 at year's end.
   The VC appeared to have lost about as many men as they were able to infiltrate from the north during the last half of 1966.
   Limiting factor on VC infiltration rate depends not on mobilization potential but on numbers of men the enemy is able to support in the south.
   About 1000 fighters and attack aircraft, including carrier planes, are deployed in Southeast Asia, with the force level to remain essentially the same.
   Air attacks on the North have destroyed two-thirds of POL storage there.
   Rate of air ordnance expended almost equals World War II peak rate and is, in fact, four times more than the peak Korean War rate.
   Navy offshore fleet will be maintained at current 90-ship level, which does not include 26 Coast Guard boats and 84 Swift boats in "Market Time" operations.
   The Defense Secretary also noted that the four military services had to increase their force levels above the original FY 67 budget to sustain operations in Vietnam and to maintain a training and rotation base.  These year-end overages were given as 220,500 for the Army, 2440 for the Marine Corps, 25,520 for the Navy and 45,240 for the Air Force.


        Added Armament

   Possessing the most modern and efficient weapons and equipment known; superbly trained by skilled, dedicated leaders, the men of our Armed Forces today are better prepared to combat enemies of our way of life than ever before.
  But weapons and training are not enough.  Each fighting man must also be armed with determination, confidence and dedication.  These additional factors guide and govern the behavior of the serviceman in combat.  They are the foundation for the Code of Conduct of the U.S. fighting man.
   The Code is a reflection of the lives, deeds and valor of the Americans who have faced the horrors of war in every conflict in which this Nation has engaged.
   The Code is built with individual faith in our Nation and upon each individual's knowledge of the fundamental precepts of our democratic system and institutions.  It is held together with pride in service and respect for national, military and unit history and traditions.
   Encompassing all this is the determination to defeat our country's enemies no matter what hardships must be overcome; and the dedication to pay whatever price necessary to safeguard our country.
   These are the things that have, throughout our history, made our Armed Forces the finest in the world and have stirred our men, despite overwhelming odds, to defend a position or gain an objective; given them strength to survive the harsh treatment of POW camps with honor and dignity, care for their fellow prisoners and make miraculous escapes.  They have faced death bravely and with honor, firm in the belief their cause is just.
   Citizen-soldiers and professionals alike have given meaning to the words, "I am an American fighting man.  I serve in the forces which guard my country and our way of life.  I am prepared to give my life in their defense."  (AFNB)


Gen. Westmoreland Praises Viet Forces
In Report of Accomplishments in 1966

   Gen. W.C. Westmoreland, commander of the U.S. Military Assistance Command Vietnam (MACV), recently told the press that Vietnamese, American and other Free World Forces proved their effectiveness against the enemy during 1966.
   He noted that they have gained confidence in operating in a difficult environment against the enemy and improved their tactics and techniques, and he stressed the continuing major role of the Vietnamese armed forces, who still carry the heaviest burden of the fighting.
   "It is significant," he said, "that last year the Government of Vietnam lost 14,000 men killed or missing in action while her allies lost nearly 6000.  Also last year there were only one-third as many South Vietnamese soldiers missing in action, presumed captured, as in the previous year."
   He added that GVN forces lost only one-half as many weapons to the enemy as in 1965.
   The general cited these figures on progress:
   The enemy lost at least 50,000 killed during 1966, a 55 per cent increase over 1965; more than 20,000 VC or VC-sympathizers returned to the Government of Vietnam under the Chieu Hoi program, almost twice the figure for 1965; friendly forces captured 20,000 enemy weapons in 1966, nearly twice as many as in 1965.
   Gen. Westmoreland said that the enemy expanded his military structure in 1966 to include division-size units.
   "We believe that he now has in South Vietnam in being, or in process of formation, nine divisions, seven of which are North Vietnamese Army," he said.  Year-end enemy strength totaled 280,000.
   The enemy placed increased reliance on North Vietnamese Army (NVA) units, particularly in I and II Corps and to some extent in III Corps, the general added, noting that the infiltration rate for the year averaged more than 8000 a month.
   The general said the enemy completed equipping his forces with a modern family of weapons -a pistol, sub-machinegun, sniper rifle, carbine, assault rifle, light machine gun, and heavy machinegun.  Most of these are Communist Chinese copies of Soviet weapons.  All use 7.62 ammunition.
   The enemy inventory, also includes three rocket-launchers (B-50, B-40, 3.5), three recoilless rifles (57mm, 75mm, 82mm), and four mortars (60mm, 81mm, 82mm, 120mm).
   Gen. Westmoreland noted that the enemy's use of new weapons has now required him to provide new ammunition as well as replacements for losses, and pointed out that the air campaign against North Vietnam had impeded the flow of such supplies and equipment to the south.
   "There can be no doubt that many Vietnamese, American, Korean, Australian and New Zealand troops are alive today because of the air campaign against military targets," he said.
   Gen. Westmoreland cited a number of figures to show the progress made in 1966 in improving the logistical system.  Items: 30 percent more roads are open than a year ago; there are now nine jet-capable airfields compared with three in December 1965; 73 C-130 fields are now operational, compared with 15 last year; and five deep draft and seven shallow draft ports now, compared with two deep draft and five shallow draft ports then.
   In supply tonnage, POL capacity, ammunition storage space, and items of supply, increases ranging from 200 to 500 percent were cited.
   The general concluded his summary by commenting that while enemy objectives had not changed in 1966, the military strategy of North Vietnam did change.
   "This change was the positioning of major North Vietnamese Army units in the Demilitarized Zone and along the Cambodian Border of the central highlands," he said.


The TROPIC LIGHTNING NEWS is an authorized publication of the 25th Infantry Division. It is published weekly for all division units in the Republic of Vietnam by the Information Office, 25th Infantry Division, APO San Francisco 96225. Army News Features, Army Photo Features, Armed Forces Press Service and Armed Forces News Bureau material are used. Views and opinions expressed are not necessarily those of the Department of the Army. Printed in Tokyo, Japan, by Pacific Stars and Stripes.

Maj. Gen. John Tillson III  . . . . . . . Commanding General
Lt. Col. J. L. Aiken . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Information Officer
Capt. John P. Fortner . . . . . . . . . . . . Officer-in-Charge
Sp4 David L. Kleinberg . . . . . . . . . . Editor
Sp4 Adrian E. Wecer . . . . . . . . . . . . Editorial Assistant
Sp4 John R. Dittmann. . . . . . . . . . . . Editorial Assistant


Page 3                           TROPIC LIGHTNING NEWS                           March 6, 1967


Two-Week Job
65th Enqrs. Blow Up VC Hq.

   Enough dynamite to destroy a 20-story. building was detonated in the mountains north of Pleiku to demolish an enemy headquarters found in Binh Dinh Province by the division's 3rd Brigade.
   Army engineers spent two weeks and used 69 tons of TNT destroying t h e headquarters located in natural caves on a mountainside.  The caves twisted through 30-ton rocks, past hundreds of exits and into rooms large enough in some places to hold 120 men.
   Destruction of such natural fortifications is a difficult enough job in peacetime.  Under the combat conditions which Co. D, 65th Engr. Bn., had to work, it was nearly a miracle that they accomplished their mission.
   "I've never had a harder job and I've never done anything I've been more proud of," said 2nd Lt. Donald R. Nance, 27, the engineer in charge.  "And I think everyone who was up there feels the same way."
   The only way the caves could be blown was from the inside out by meticulously planting huge quantities of explosives in key weak points and natural faults in the cave's structure.  If the cave itself could not be blown, then at least the entrances could be sealed.
   A force of 39 engineers and parts of Co. B, 1st Bn., 14th Inf., set out one morning recently to blow the caves.  "Chinooks" hauled the explosives when they could get low enough to drop them, but the infantry and engineers hauled most of it on their backs.  Each man had to make about 500 trips half-way up a 50 degree slope carrying 10 pounds of dynamite plus his combat gear . . . all in two weeks.
   "I've got nothing but admiration for these boys," Lt. Nance said.  "They've got great stamina and a lot of spirit.  The morale got higher as the going got rougher."
   After the caves were searched' and stripped of anything of value, the engineers moved in, positioned their charges, cleared the area and blasted.  Then they moved to the next room.  The engineers set off a total of 12 blasts averaging more than five and a half tons per explosion.
   At the end of two weeks the engineers were tired men, but the North Vietnamese Army and the Viet Cong in the area were temporarily without a home.

M-60 team BACKTALK - A machinegun team answers Viet Cong sniper fire with a steady burst from their weapon.  The incident occurred while a unit of the 196th Lt. Inf. Bde. was conducting a search and destroy mission during Operation "Gadsden."  (Photo by Sp4 Rusty Melton)
LOADED - Ready for a fight with "Charlie," an assistant machinegunner of the 2nd Bn., 1st Inf., carries enough ammunition across his back to put up a good one.  The men are on patrol in the thick jungles near Cambodia in Operation "Gadsden."  (Photo by Sp4 Robert Brown) 2/1st M-60 gunner



Safer Underground Navigation Is Sought;
Mine Detectors Used in Tunnel Running

   Cave-in!  A tunnel rat is cut off underground somewhere 200 meters east of a too-small entrance!  What can be done?
   Cave-ins, boobytraps, and being cut off by the enemy have always been the greatest fear of the tunnel rat, the daring soldier who explores Viet Cong tunnels.  Through the combined efforts of the 65th Engr. Bn., and the men of the 2nd Bn., 27th Inf., these emergencies may soon be solved.
   The answer to these problems, it seems, is the mine detector.  Traditionally used to clear roads for troop and vehicle movement, the instruments may well have a new use in locating the exact position of tunnel rats deep underground.
   "One detector will penetrate three to four feet; not deep enough for the average tunnel," said engineer 1st Lt. James Jenkins of Blackstone, Va.  "By using one detector in the tunnel and one on the surface we can penetrate eight or more feet," he continued.
   The magnetic fields set up by the two detectors strike each other when one is directly over the other.  The result is a beeping tone in the headsets of both operators.
   "If they work as expected we should be able to keep track of exactly where the tunnel runner is at all times," said 2nd Bn., 27th Inf., Co. A, commander, Capt. David A. Pabst of Rockville, Md.  "This will allow us to dig directly down to the man should he become trapped or meet a difficult obstacle," he explained.
   Tunnel navigation is now done by taking compass readings at all bends in the tunnel and counting steps taken.  The method gives only a general fix on the man underground.
   Testing of the system continues.
   "We have a lot of work to do before we are certain of the detectors," said Lt. Jenkins, "but it looks now as if they will be very effective."
   The trial runs for the system were carried out recently near Phu Hoa Dong, northeast of Cu Chi.

TRACING - Tunnel rat of the 2nd Bn., 27th Inf., enters a tunnel, to be followed by a mine detector.  (Photo by 1st Lt. A. R. Karel) Tunnel Rat



Dau Tieng Battle Action Nets Silver Star for 2 Wolfhounds

   Two members of the division's 1st Bn., 27th Inf., were, recently awarded the Silver Star by Maj. Gen. Fred C. Weyand, division commander.
   The two were Capt. Richard B. Cole, Co. A commander, and Sp4 Richard J. Siebel, a radio operator for Co. C.
   They were awarded the medals for their part in the battle of Dau Tieng during Operation "Attleboro" last November.  Capt. Cole's Silver Star was his second award of the medal.
   Capt. Cole was in command of Co. A going to reinforce Co. C, which was pinned down by numerically superior VC forces in reinforced bunkers.  He maneuvered his company through murderous enemy fire to the left of the beleaguered sister unit and directed action by scampering from place to place through the barrage of bullets.
   The following day, Capt. Cole's company led the march in pursuit of the enemy.
   After marching 300 meters into the dense jungle his company was attacked with heavy automatic weapons mounted in bunkers.  During the rest of that day, and part of the next, his company withstood six human wave assaults without giving ground.
   It was Capt. Cole's personal words of encouragement that kept his men holding on until their heavy firepower convinced the VC to withdraw.
   Specialist Siebel was radio operator in Co. C, which was pinned down by heavy VC fire.  Although wounded slightly early in the encounter, he refused evacuation to be with his commander.
   When the company commander was fatally wounded, Specialist Siebel carried him to a more secure area and began first aid.
   As soon as a helicopter landed to evacuate the wounded, Specialist Siebel carried his commander to the chopper through heavy sniper fire.  The helicopter was shot down during take-off and Specialist Siebel again made the round trip through the heavy fire to retrieve his commanding officer.
   Specialist Siebel stayed on the radio, giving the battalion commander accurate and timely appraisals of his company's situation throughout the rest of the day.


1 /14th Uses Own Language in VC Propaganda Center

   While on a night ambush, an element of Co. B, 1st Bn., 14th Inf., "Golden Dragons" of the 3rd Brigade, spotted North Vietnamese Army regulars trying to leave a huge rock formation known as "Dragon Caverns" in the early morning darkness.
   While killing two and driving the rest back into the cave, the infantrymen found a large enemy propaganda center, equipped with propaganda leaflets and broadcast equipment.
   Lt. Roger L. Wray of Texas City, Tex., SSgt. Thomas Dean of Jacksonville, Fla., Sp4 Charles Cato of Brooklyn, N.Y., and PFC William Bryan of Tifton, Ga., searched the entrance of the rock complex.
   One enemy was spotted and quickly downed by Lt. Wray's .45 caliber pistol.  After making sure the entrance of the cave was secure, the search continued.
   The squad found large quantities of printing paper and leaflets printed in the cave.  Also, there were radios, musical instruments, lighting equipment and a public address system.  The squad also captured 30 VC uniforms and large quantities of the black cloth used in making the uniforms.


Page 4-5                           TROPIC LIGHTNING NEWS                           March 6, 1967


196th Bde. in Action on Operation 'Gadsden'


Oil cache on fire WHERE THERE'S SMOKE - Infantrymen of the 196th look on as a VC oil cache goes up in smoke during Operation "Gadsden" in Tay Ninh Province.
FIRE IN THE HOLE - A soldier of the 196th Lt. Inf. Bde. prepares to drop a hand grenade down a well used to conceal a Viet Cong tunnel. Dropping grenade into VC tunnel
Searching SEARCHING - Ever on the alert for booby traps and ambushes infantrymen search for the Viet Cong in Tay Ninh Province during Operation "Gadsden."
WAITING - During a break in a search and destroy mission a machinegunner and his assistant wait for further orders. Waiting
VC sampan SAMPAN - A soldier of the 196th Lt. Inf. Bde. approaches a lightly camouflaged sampan used by the VC to move supplies on the waterways of Tay Ninh Province.




Page 6                           TROPIC LIGHTNING NEWS                           March 6, 1967


2-9th Fires 200, 000th

   Lt. Col. Bruce Holbrook, commander of the 2nd Bn., 9th Arty., "Mighty Ninth," fired the 200,000th round that the artillery battalion has sent on its way since its arrival in Vietnam.
   The ceremony took place recently at Btry. B, nearly 13 months after Gen. William C. Westmoreland, commander of U.S. forces in Vietnam, fired the first round of the "Mighty Ninth" to be fired in Vietnam by any artillery unit of the 25th Inf. Div.
   At the recent ceremony, the executive officer of the battery, 1st Lt. William H. Farmer Jr., of Fayetteville, N.C., loaded the round into the gun which Col. Holbrook later fired.


Trang Bang Villagers Get Bossie Gift

   The Vietnamese lunar New Year provided a fine opportunity for United States forces to repay the many kindnesses shown them by the civilian population in the areas of their operations.  The division's 1st Bn., 8th Arty., found a unique gift for their friends in Trang Bang - a cow.
   Originally the brainstorm of the battalion's civil affairs officer, Capt., James W. Lew, the idea soon became so popular that the men of the Trang Bang based battery wasted no time in making it a reality.
   The men decided the cow - a valuable commodity in rural areas - should go to the 14-man colony of blind persons at the Trang Bang, Cao Dai Temple, 35 km northwest of Saigon.
   The blind are totally dependent on the brothers of the temple and donations to the church.  They plan to use the cow to raise calves for market and for the usual milk producing qualities.
   Ceremony was the order of the day as the cow was presented to the brothers at the temple.  Capt. Nghiep, the Trang Bang district chief, was there representing local government as was Capt. James F. Gabelman, commanding officer of Btry. A.  On hand to take charge of the bovine gift was Mr. Le The Hieu, representing the association of the blind.


Battalion's History Written in Heroic Deeds

By Sp4 John Bertak
   When the commanding officer of the unit now known as the 1st Bn., 14th Inf., asked Gen. George G. Meade, commander of the Army of the Potomac, where his unit would march in the grand review at the close of the civil war, the general replied, "To the right of the line, where they've always been!"
   These words have since symbolized the fighting spirit of the battalion and are now inscribed on the unit's crest.
   During the 1906 Boxer Rebellion in China a young private named Calvin P. Titus, who later attained the rank of colonel, was serving with the same unit.  History was again written when the late Col. Titus volunteered to scale the wall of the enemy's castle.  His famous reply of "I'll try Sir! " has since been an inspiration to many American soldiers.  For his gallant actions, Col. Titus was awarded the Medal of Honor.
   In appreciation of the unit's heroic actions in subduing the rebellion, the Chinese people honored the battalion by presenting it with a dragon, the ancient Far Eastern symbol of power.  The unit was also awarded the name "Golden Dragons," and a gold dragon sits atop a replica of the famous castle on the unit crest.
   F r o m the Spanish-American War through the Korean War the battalion distinguished itself as a courageous unyielding fighting unit.
   In January of 1965, the battalion again returned to the Far East, this time to the Central Highlands of South Vietnam.
   Men, like SSgt. Jessie L. Harris of Centralia, Wash., are again displaying the courage for which the battalion is famed.  Under intense enemy fire, Sgt. Harris crawled through the open to aid one of his wounded comrades lying in the open.  Although wounded himself before reaching the soldier, Sgt. Harris continued on to the man, administered first aid to him, and dragged him back to a spot out of the enemy's line of fire.  Sgt. Harris then returned to the same location and again exposed himself to direct enemy fire while going to the aid of another wounded man.  Although hit by enemy fire a second time, the sergeant continued until he reached the second man and began aiding him.  It was at this point that Sgt. Harris received his third and fatal wound.  For his courageous actions, the young sergeant was posthumously awarded the Silver Star.
   Many of the men of the battalion have served almost a year in Vietnam and will be going home soon.  Many will remember the day, in the Ia Drang Valley when Sgt. Ralph E. Williams crawled 50 meters under enemy fire to aid and bring back a wounded comrade lying directly in the line of enemy fire.
   Sgt. Williams was awarded the Bronze Star Medal for his courageous act.
   When asked about his heroic deed, Sgt. Williams replied that it "was just part of my job as an American soldier.  I think any guy in the unit would have done the same thing."
   The battalion color of the 1st of the 14th are shrouded with more than 30 battle streamers courageously won over the years.
   Lt. Gen. Stanley R. Larsen, commanding general of I Field Force, Vietnam, has noted that the battalion is one of the finest fighting units serving in the Republic of Vietnam.
   Not all of the men in the 1st of the 14th have been awarded Silver or Bronze Star Medals.  However, they all have earned the Combat Infantryman Badge which marks them as American fighting men who have served against hostile forces in combat.


65th Engrs., MPs Get New Commanders

   In recent change of command ceremonies held at the division's Cu Chi base camp, Lt. Col. A.S. Fullerton became the new commander of the 65th Engr. Bn., and Capt. James D. Hodges assumed command of the 25th MP Co.
   Col. Fullerton of Albany, N.Y., has replaced Lt. Col. Carrol D. Strider, who had been the engineer commander since June of 1964.  Col. Fullerton entered the Army in 1949, after graduating from the United States Military Academy.  He holds the Bronze Star medal including "V" Device with one Oak Leaf Cluster, and the Army Commendation Medal with two Oak Leaf Clusters.
   Capt. Hodges of Briarclift, Md., replaced Capt. Donald R. Keith, who was recently assigned to the MP School at Fort Gordon, Ga. Capt. Hodges, who holds the Army Commendation Medal and the Vietnamese Medal of Honor (First Class), is a graduate of the University of Kansas.

Motorcycle Hell's Angels, Tay Ninh Chapter

- "All it needs is a motor, a chain and two new tires..."  Members of the 2nd Bn., 1st Inf., 196th Lt. Inf. Bde., captured this motor bike while on a search and destroy mission in Tay Ninh Province.  (Photo By Chris Perales)



1/14th Uncovers Big Arms Cache In NVA Hideout

   First platoon of Co. B, 1st Bn., 14th Inf. "Golden Dragons" continue to strike it rich.  While on a recent search and destroy mission in Binh Dinh Province, it came upon a small Montagnard village one-and-half miles northeast of the base camp.
   The Golden Dragon platoon, led by Lt. Roger Wray of Texas City, Tex., surrounded the village and swept across it completely surprising the inhabitants.  The village sat high on the side of a mountain overlooking a rushing stream which muffled the sound of the approaching troops.
   While the villagers were being questioned by the 3rd Bde. MI Det., the platoon made a quick but thorough search of the area.  They discovered several caves and a large cache of American-made weapons such as Thompson sub-machine guns, M-60 machine gun parts and 60mm mortars.  They also found several M-1 rifles, other carbines of unknown make and an NVA and Russian flag.


FAC Survives 16 Hits

   Sixteen bullets riddled the OI-E "Bird Dog" aircraft of Air Force Capt. Malvin Chubb as he circled over a trapped Viet Cong unit. 
   The Joplin, Mo., Forward Air Controller (FAC) was directing the strikes of Air Force fighters southwest of Cu Chi in a recent division operation.
   Laying the tiny one-engine plane over on one side to get a better view of the enemy below, he suddenly felt something strike his helmet.  Bits of the radio next to his right arm had flown throughout the cockpit after the set was hit.
   In the next few seconds 15 more rounds tore through the frail observation plane.  Capt. Chubb rolled the plane level and flew straight away from where he had been hit.  "I would have slowed down too much if I had tried to circle and evade the fire," he explained, "then I would have been a perfect target."
   He flew directly back to Cu Chi, a little shaken, but completely unharmed.  "Luckily I wasn't carrying a passenger that day," he exclaimed.  The passenger seat area of the plane had been pierced by 10 rounds.
   Capt. Chubb's job as FAC is to observe the battle area for enemy movement, and to control the movements of the supersonic fighter aircraft attacking the enemy.  The jets literally fly too fast to see their target.  The FAC becomes their "eyes and ears" in directing them onto the target.


Page 7                           TROPIC LIGHTNING NEWS                           March 6, 1967


1/35th Lieutenant Wins Silver Star

   1st Lt. William H. Dalehite, of the 1st Bn., 35th Inf., "Cacti Green" was presented the Silver Star by Maj. Gen. John Norton, commander of the 1st . Air Cav. Div., at an awards ceremony held at the battalion's forward command post last week.
   The Army's third highest award for valor was awarded Lt. Dalehite for heroism while serving with the Cacti Green on Operation "Paul Revere IV" in the mountainous regions near the Cambodian border.
   While operating on a search and destroy mission, Lt. Dalehite immediately organized, maintained and directed an assault on the enemy.
   In order to properly organize his assault, he exposed himself to the heavy automatic rifle fire from the trees to his front and from the bunkers.
   Discovering that two of his men were wounded and lying in an exposed position, Lt. Dalehite took immediate action.
   He personally led the platoon medic to the two wounded men and covered their position in the process.  Immediately after the wounded had been secured, Lt. Dalehite renewed his platoon's attack at the center position from which the heaviest enemy fire was coming.


Engineers Tear Apart VC Jungle

   The heavy jungle surrounding the city of Tay Ninh has always been well known to the Viet Cong.  For years Charlie has mapped clearly in his mind every foot of his land and has found no great difficulty in moving freely in and out of the province.
   Times are changing.  Under the watchful eye of Co. C, 3rd Bn., 21st Inf., 196th Lt. Inf. Bde., Charlie's hide-away is being remodeled.
   Bulldozers from the brigade's 175th Eng. Co. are tearing a path twice as wide as an air strip through the area, clear to the Saigon River.
   By rearranging and clearing the area, the brigade will make it vastly more difficult for the VC to move north or south unobserved, and Charlie knows what happens to him when he is seen.
   A change from the type of missions to which they are accustomed, Co. C is surveying the operation with its security platoons, ensuring that the VC don't disturb the landscaping project.  While "Charlie's Tigers" are not used to merely waiting for the Cong, they realize the job's importance.


4th Div. Troops at Ambush Academy

   The men from the 3rd Bde., 4th Inf. Div., sat attentively as the instructor from the 25th Inf. Div. at Cu Chi explained small unit action in the field.
   The men, from the 1st Plt., 3rd Bn., 22nd Inf., were attending the rigorous Ambush Academy - 16-hour-a-day, four-day class on survival and ambush techniques.
   The platoon, commanded by 1st Lt. John H. Andrews of Seattle, Wash., was sent to the school because every man in the group had earned his CIB while under enemy fire, and had been participants in numerous ambushes since their arrival in Vietnam.  They were also picked to attend the school because they had scored more Viet Cong kills than any platoon in the battalion.
   The academy consisted of review work on the use of the compass, map reading, artillery support and employment of medical evacuation as well as special emphasis on Claymore mines.
   Operating as two separate units, the platoon was graded on its procedures in actual ambushes on the final night of class.


2 Artillerymen Go Infantry With 4/31st

   How many of the 412,000 American troops in Vietnam are actually line infantrymen?  How many of the rest really know anything about the job the infantryman does, going out into the jungles and paddies and fields in search of the Viet Cong, day after day?
   Two men who were not infantry, but were curious about the infantryman's job have done something toward finding out.  PFCs James Rodman of La Porte, Ind., and Richard Johnston of Cincinnati, Ohio, both of Btry. C, 3rd Bn., 82nd Arty., 196th Lt. Inf. Bde. volunteered for duty as infantrymen in the brigade's 4th Bn., 31st Inf. during Operation "Gadsden."
   "I volunteered so that I could learn what the infantryman goes through out in the field, I wanted to learn what it takes to he an infantryman," explained PFC Rodman.
   PFC Johnston admitted, "I wanted a change.  I wanted to go out on patrols, and learn the things that go into making a patrol a success."
   In the field after their initial missions, the men said they'd learned something.  "It's a challenge to be out here," said PFC Rodman.  "There are so many things you have to know to get along."
   One artilleryman who has been with the infantry for some time, PFC Daniel Nidds, a radio-telephone operator (RTO), said, "I think more artillerymen should come out to the field and go through what the infantry does.  It would be a good experience.  Someday they may have to be infantrymen."

PANTS DOWN - Sp4 George Densley of the 2nd Bn., 1st Inf., checks himself out for size with the bottom half of a pair of black pajamas found while searching a VC encampment.  "Guess we caught 'Charlie' with his pants down," said Specialist Densley. Charlie's pants



SMaj. Paul Nunan Becomes 25th Division's Top NCO

   SMaj. Paul D. Nunan, 45, of Killeen, Texas, has become the new sergeant major for the 25th Inf. Div., replacing SMaj. Kenneth J. Leyden who went to the 1st Armor Div. at Fort Hood, Texas.
   SMaj. Nunan, a veteran of nearly 25 years in the Army, served during World War II in Europe.  He made four combat parachute jumps, one each in Sicily, Salerno, Normandy - where he landed just before the D-Day soldiers hit the beaches - and one at Nijmagen, Holland.
   When he landed in Nijmagen on September 19, 1944, SMaj. Nunan found himself and his men facing the fire of a 20mm anti-aircraft cannon leveled at them from a protected position in the city streets.
   The sergeant major knocked out the gun and killed seven enemy soldiers.  For his actions, he was awarded the Silver Star for gallantry in action.  He used a British Gammon grenade, a Thompson sub-machine gun, and white phosphorous grenades in the battle.
   In the Korean War, the sergeant major served as an air operations sergeant with the 8th U.S. Army on special duty with the 5th Air Force.  There, he was awarded the Korean Presidential Unit Citation.


Operators Gather

   Officers and enlisted men from nearly all U.S. Army Vietnam's 20 MARS stations met recently at Di An to discuss the system's progress and future development.  MARS, the Military Affiliate Radio System, provides trans-Pacific telephone and telegraph messages for American soldiers through military radio facilities in Vietnam and MARS member stations in the U.S.


New Tennis Clinic Opens at Tay Ninh

   Tennis anyone?  This is a familiar phrase to the avid player, and soon it will be heard around Tay Ninh as the sport spreads through the province.
   A tennis clinic has been started as part of the 196th Lt. Inf. Bde.'s civil affairs program in the Tay Ninh area.
   With the assistance of Lt. Lewis A. Stein of Chicago, Ill., the program began recently when 28 candidates showed up for the first day's activities.  Lt. Stein, a former professional tennis instructor at the Don Kerbis Tennis Club in Highland Park, Ill., received 25 tennis rackets and a gross of balls from the club to start the tennis program.
   "The purpose of the club is to stimulate interest in tennis and a healthy attitude in sportsmanship and fair play," said Lt. Stein.


1st Sgt. Stanley Re-Ups, Takes Oath in the Field

   1st Sgt. Calvin E. Stanley of HHB, 25th Inf. DivArty. recently re-enlisted for three years.  DivArty. commander, Col. Daniel B. Williams, administered the oath in ceremonies at his forward base camp at Trai Bi on Operation "Gadsden."
   When he completes his new term of enlistment, Sgt. Stanley will have served more than 22 years in the Army.  He has served two years in the Philippines, four years in two tours in Korea, one during the Korean War, one short tour in Hawaii and his present tour in Vietnam.
   Sgt. Stanley has held the position of NCOIC of DivArty's adjutant's office before becoming the top NCO in headquarters battery.


5th Mech. Recon Goes James Bond

   James Bond is serving with the 25th Inf.. Div.'s 1st Bn. (Mech.), 5th Inf., or so it would seem, if one were to look at the armored personnel carriers of the reconnaissance element.
   The numbers designating this element range from 001 to 007.  Each APC is given a name to correspond to the numbers straight from Ian Fleming's novels.  The APC's sport such names as "Dr. No," "You Only Live Twice," "Goldfingers," "Moonraker," "Thunderball," and for 007, what else, "Secret Agent."
   Their primary purpose is to inspect an area before the main body of the element enters.  If there is an area suspected of harboring a VC element or detachment, they sweep into the area and probe it, seeking to draw it out into the open and reveal its position.
   James Bond would indeed be proud to have such a unit bearing his name.


Page 8                           TROPIC LIGHTNING NEWS                           March 6, 1967


Maj. Gen. Weyand's Farewell Message


Attleboro . . .

In the water

Lanikai . . .

Commends Troops for Contribution
   For more than two and a half years, I have been privileged to wear the "Tropic Lightning" patch, and now as I prepare to leave this command, I look back upon these years with pride and gratitude . . . pride in having been a part of such a distinguished unit . . . and gratitude for the privilege of serving with the soldiers of this fine division.
Maj. Gen. Weyand    The years in Hawaii were good years for the division, and they were vital years.  The training exercises in the rugged terrain of the islands prepared it for combat here.  It was the best trained, best equipped unit to arrive in Vietnam.  Since then, you have proven yourselves to be a truly great fighting force.
   Only with the combined efforts of the maneuver brigades, Division Artillery, Support Command, and our attached and supporting units, could our objectives have been achieved.  It is to your credit that the 25th Division has succeeded in every task given it and that it has stamped the seal of the "Tropic Lightning" Division on the historic pages of the Vietnamese conflict.
Santa Fe

Santa Fe . . .

Deep water

Ala Moana . . .

   Operation after operation has reflected your growing skill in jungle warfare, progressing from small unit sweeps to multi-brigade operations.  Operation "Attleboro" was the first of several such operations, with most of the Division's maneuver elements taking part in the clearing of War Zone C; others were Cedar Falls and Gadsden.  In each of these operations the men of the 3rd Brigade, 4th Division and the 196th Separate Brigade fought side by side with us.
   As outstanding as these large-scale operations were, there has been no operation that could be called insignificant.  Circle Pines, Santa Fe, Fresno, Fairfax, and Fort Smith; Wahiawa, Ewa, and Lanikai; Ala Moana, Fargo, and a score of others - all stand out as important, productive maneuvers.  You have met the enemy on his own grounds and have beaten him.
   Complementing your many successful military operations has been your most energetic approach to the Division's Revolutionary Development Program.  With your assistance, hundreds of Vietnamese children are now receiving an education that will inevitably strengthen their love of freedom and serve as a future bulwark against the spread of communism in Southeast Asia.  You have rebuilt villages and have helped the government of Vietnam to re-establish its presence throughout the country.  You have provided safety for thousands of Vietnamese families who have suffered from the violence of the terrorizing Viet Cong.  You have helped to build a nation.
   As I bid you farewell, I commend each of you for the outstanding contribution you have made to the "Tropic Lightning" Division and, more importantly, to your country and the cause of freedom.
Wahiawa Circle Pines Fort Smith

Wahiawa . . .

Circle Pines . . .

Fort Smith . . .




Thanks to
Arthur B. Neighbor, 228th Supply & Service Co. (Direct Support) for sharing this issue,
Kirk Ramsey, 2nd Bn., 14th Inf. for creating this page.

This page last modified 8-12-2004

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